While rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem, Nehemiah encounters internal problem in the Jewish society which caused by the nobles and officials. They were not supposed to exact interest from poor brothers, but they took mortgages and interests and the poor Israelites were in danger of slavery. This was breaking their law in Leviticus 25:35-42. So Nehemiah asked them not only to fix the surface problem but also to change their hearts by saying, "Shouldn't you walk in the fear of our God?" What does it mean to walk in the fear of God?
We can find 4 things from chapter 5. 1, listening to the word of God(vv. 10-11). 2, giving up their own rights(v.14). 3, serving others when it is not obligated(v.16). 4, being content with only God's recognition(v.19). And Jesus Christ's life was a good example for this.
Then, how can we practically live in the fear of God, at work, school, and church? We should ponder and live out.